Upper Mud Brook basin is a natural low gradient, wetland-induced slow-moving stream. It average slope in this section is 4.2 feet/mile. From Beaver Pond (in Cuyahoga Falls) South to Mud Brook’s confluence with the Cuyahoga River, the stream flow is much faster with an average slope of 68ft/mile.
Land use activities have also influenced Mud Brook’s hydrology. Mud Brook is mapped and managed as County Ditch #1, which requires dredging and channelizing activities. This has caused the stream to hold more water and move it off the landscape quicker.
Suburban development and related wetland losses affect Mud Brook’s hydrology. Urbanization typically removes important ecosystems that trap, filter and slowly release storm water back into streams. Ohio EPA noted heavy stream flows in areas of the watershed that have been experiencing excessive erosion and siltation.
Properly maintaining wetlands helps to control storm water naturally, and could have helped reduce the 2003 flooding experienced in the watershed. Between 1994 and 2000 it was estimated that 13 acres of wetlands were lost.